Esta semana, en el Observador del Mundo Árabe les ofrecemos interesantes artículos sobre la política exterior turca; las relaciones de Turquía con Francia; la crisis económica en Egipto y el periodo postelectoral; la postura del presidente ruso, Vladimir Putin, sobre Siria; la participación de los yihadistas tunecinos en el conflicto de Siria; el primer ministro israelí, Benjamin Netanyahu, y su comparación con el recientemente fallecido ex primer ministroYitzhak Shamir; el informe sobre la transición en Yemen; el ‘despertar suní’ de Bahréin y las posibilidades de una solución política; las opiniones en torno al encarcelamiento del clérigo chií Nimr al-Nimr.
In Today’s Zaman ECFR Council Member Ibrahim Kalin discusses Turkish foreign policy in light of the changing international order over the years and the current dispute betweenSyria and theTurkey:
Turkey has no intention of escalating tensions with Syria or any other country in the region. Turkey has no interest in other countries’ internal affairs and respects the political sovereignty of all nations. But this does not give the Syrian regime license to kill its own people.
ECFR Policy Fellow Dimitar Bechev looks at how the relationship betweenTurkey and France can evolve with a new French Government in place:
But whether we are heading to a genuine rapprochement between France and Turkey will, at the end of the day, depend on whether Paris lifts its veto over five negotiating chapters imposed unilaterally back in 2007. The turn towards bonhomie in bilateral relations after a period of outward hostility while Sarkozy was in power is, no doubt, good news for Europe, especially in times when Syria is causing such headache in both EU capitals and Ankara. But do not bank on it – it might have its expiry date too.
In Al Monitor Carina Kamel writes about Egypt’s dire economic crisis:
With the country’s safety net of foreign reserves now barely large enough to cover the cost of three months of essential imports like fuel, the next few weeks will be crucial to staving off a crisis.
Please stay tuned for a podcast from ECFR Visiting Fellow Issandr El Amrani and Policy Fellow Elijah Zarwan on Egyptafter the elections. The podcast will be uploaded in the coming days here.
In The New York Times Ellen Barry looks at Russian President Vladimir Putin’s stance on Syria:
Each incremental move is followed by demonstrations that Russia is standing firm: for instance, its refusal, last weekend in Geneva, to approve language suggesting that Mr. Assad could not be part of a transitional government. These tactics serve to draw out the diplomatic process for weeks or months.
In The National Alice Fordham discusses the involvement of Tunisian jihadists in the Syria conflict:
The Syrian government has long blamed the violence on foreign fighters and extremists, but the arrival of fighters such as the boys of Ben Guerdane is a relatively recent phenomenon.
ECFR Policy Fellow Daniel Levy looks at what Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has learned from the late Yitzhak Shamir, Israel’s seventh Prime Minister (Originally posted on Foreign Policy’s Middle East Channel):
Israel’s current premier, Benjamin Netanyahu, will shortly overtake Shamir as the second longest serving PM in the state’s history. At first glance Shamir and Netanyahu strike two very contrasting profiles… Yet in terms of ideology and its political application, they are probably the two most kindred spirits to have ever held Israel’s highest elected office
The International Crisis Group has published a report on Yemen’s endangered transition:
The political settlement has numerous flaws. It was an elite compromise that excluded many original protesters as well as marginalised constituencies. It failed to adequately address issues of justice, and it kept in power leaders and parties at least partially responsible for the country’s woes. But, at a minimum, it offers the chance for a different future.
InThe Daily Star Justin Gengler looks at the ‘Sunni awakening’ inBahrain and the chances of a political solution:
Renewed hope of political dialogue would suggest one of two things. Either Bahrain is taking a page out of Saudi Arabia’s botched Gulf Cooperation Council union playbook and organizing a conference without securing participants’ agreement beforehand; or else the government has forged some understanding with Sunni groups such as the National Unity Gathering and Sahwat al-Fatih. The latter alternative would seem the more logical.
In Foreign Policy Toby Matthiessen discusses the ramifications of the arrest of Shia cleric Nimr al-Nimr:
Indeed, while Nimr retains a lot of popularity amongst the Shiite youth, he is a hated figure for many other Saudis. On Twitter and Facebook he is frequently insulted, as his sermons over the last years have broken a whole range of political taboos in Saudi Arabia, including calling for the fall of the royal family.